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Tech Terms

If you're not immersed in the tech, big data or transportation worlds, some of these terms may be new to you.

APIs An application programming interface (API) is a set of definitions, protocols, and tools for building application software that allows different software and hardware to work together.
Apps Apps (application programs) are computer programs designed to perform a group of integrated activities for the benefit of the user.
Artificial intelligence Artificial intelligence (AI) is intelligence exhibited by machines, rather than humans or other animals.
Autonomous vehicles Autonomous vehicles are vehicles capable of sensing their environment and navigating without human input.
Big data  Big data refers to the collection of anonymous data sets that are so large and complex that it's difficult to capture, transfer, store, process and interpret with traditional data processing applications. It allows for rich information to be derived on a range of variables.
Cellular A cellular network or mobile network is a communication network where the final link is wireless.
Cloud computing Cloud computing is an information technology (IT) model for enabling ubiquitous access to shared pools of data and computing resources, typically over the internet.
Connected devices A connected device (or smart device) is an electronic device, generally connected to other devices or networks, that can operate to some extent interactively and autonomously.
Connected Vehicle Connected vehicles are vehicles that use any of a number of different communication technologies to communicate with the driver, other cars on the road (vehicle-to-vehicle [V2V]), roadside infrastructure (vehicle-to-infrastructure [V2I]), and the "Cloud" [V2C].
Connectivity Connectivity is the ability of individuals and devices to connect to communications networks or the internet and to access services.
Data Lake A data lake holds data in an unstructured way with no hierarchy or organization among the individual pieces of data. It holds data in its rawest form—it's not processed or analyzed. Additionally, a data lake accepts and retains all data from all data sources, supports all data types and schemas (the way the data is stored in a database) are applied only when the data is ready to be used.
Data set A data set is a collection of data.
Dynamic pricing (demand-based pricing) Dynamic pricing, also referred to as demand-based pricing, is a pricing strategy in which flexible prices for products or service are based on current market demands
Electric vehicles Electric vehicles completely rely on one or more electric motors for propulsion.
FMLM First Mile Last Mile (FMLM) refers to the connection from a transit user's home departure to a transit station and then from the arrival at the transit station to the final destination.
Hyper-local data  Data gathered or shared within a very tight geographical area, such as a street or block.
Integrated Date Exchange The Integrated Data Exchange (IDE) provides for the collection, analysis, sharing and application of  data to improve livability.
Infrastructure Infrastructure refers to the fundamental facilities and systems serving a city, country, or other area including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function.
Interoperability Interoperability is a characteristic of a product or system whose interfaces are able to work seamlessly with a defined set of other products or systems.
IoT The Internet of Things refers to devices or everyday objects having built-in internet connectivity and the ability to communicate with other connected devices.
Legacy systems In computing, legacy systems are old and outdated methods, technologies, computer systems, or application programs.
Livability Livability (or quality of life) is the general well-being of individuals, communities and societies.
Mobility as a Service Mobility as a Service (MaaS) describes a shift away from personally-owned modes of transportation and towards mobility solutions that are consumed as a service. This is enabled by combining transportation services from public and private transportation providers through a unified gateway that creates and manages the trip, which users can pay for with a single account. Users can pay per trip or a monthly fee for a limited distance. The key concept behind MaaS is to offer travelers mobility solutions based on their travel needs.
Multi-modal Multi-modal transportation systems include a wide range of transportation options such as walking, bicycling, bus, light rail, train, ferry, and shared mobility services.
Open data Open data is data that is freely available to everyone to use and republish as they wish, without copyright, patent, or other restrictions.
Platform A computing platform is the environment within which a piece of software is executed.
Platform as a service Platform as a service (PaaS) is a category of cloud computing services that provides a platform allowing customers to develop, run, and manage applications.
Predictive analysis The use of statistical techniques such as predictive modeling, machine learning and data mining to analyze data and make predictions about the future.
Privacy Privacy in a smart cities context is the ability of an individual or group to control the types, amounts, and recipients of data about themselves.
Real-time Real-time computing describes hardware and software systems that are able to respond very rapidly to continuously occurring external events.
Ride Hailing Services Ride hailing services arrange one-time rides on very short notice, typically using a dedicated app.
Security Security in a computer science context is the ability to maintain the integrity of all data, software, hardware, and devices against unauthorized actors.
Sensors A sensor is an electronic component, module, or subsystem whose purpose is to detect events or changes in its environment.
Shared transportation Shared transportation is a term for describing a demand-driven vehicle-sharing arrangement in which travelers share a vehicle either on-demand or over time.
Signal Priority Signal priority modifies traffic signal timing to accommodate transit or emergency response vehicles.
Siloed cities Siloed cities have poor integration between different city responsibilities, across departments, among communication networks and with other regional governments.
Situational awareness Situational awareness is the perception of environmental elements and events, the comprehension of their meaning, and the understanding of their status after some variable has changed.
Smart city A city that uses smart technologies and connected infrastructure to gather data, improve the provision of public services, reduce civic costs, increase livability for citizens and boost sustainability.
Smart city applications/apps  A type of smart city technology or system that has a specific function: such as smart street lighting, smart bins or smart drains.
Smart grid An enhanced electrical grid that uses analogue or digital technology to gather and act on information such as supplier or consumer behavior to automatically improve the efficiency and sustainability of electricity distribution.
Smart infrastructure Smart infrastructure refers to the integration of smart technologies into the fundamental facilities and systems serving a city, county, region or other area including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function.
Smart networks  A network that contains built-in diagnostics, management, fault tolerance and other capabilities to prevent downtime and maintain efficient performance.
Smart parking Smart parking is a vehicle parking system that helps drivers find a vacant spot using sensors and communications networks.
Sustainability  The maintenance and betterment of the ecological, social and economic health of a city.